Faceted Gemstones - Precious & Semi-Precious Stones

semi precious colour gemstones


Semi precious color gemstoneFaceting is a method of gem cutting in which the gem's surface is covered with many flat surfaces, each of which is referred to as a "Facet." It functions like mirrors, allowing light to enter the gem and reflecting it to the observer via the gemstone's face.

Faceted gemstones come in various shapes and sizes, the most popular of Brilliant Cut, Step Cut, Drop-Cut, and Mixed Cut. These different forms are used to carve various shapes. To ensure perfect cutting, gem cutters today employ diamond powder on cutting equipment and thoroughly understand the crystal structure.

The principal areas of a faceted gemstone

  • Girdle

The girdle is the gem's broadest portion, and it defines the gem's contour. The girdle, on the other hand, is generally rather thin when viewed from the side. Faceters create girdles to aid in the setting of stones in jewellery.

  • Crown

The crown refers to the top of both cabochons and faceted stones. This refers to the region above the girdle in faceted stones. This region is usually visible when looking at the "face" of a gem set in jewellery.

  • Pavilion

The pavilion is the region below the girdle at the bottom of a faceted gem.

Types of gemstone facets

  • Mains

The mains are the biggest aspects. (The table facets on certain diamonds are bigger.) Pavilion and crown mains are both available.

  • The facet of the Table

The table facet, a broad horizontal facet at the top of the diamond, functions as a window into the gem's interior.

  • Break facets

The break facets, which are next to the girdle, scatter light, resulting in greater scintillation or little flashes of light. Crown and pavilion break facets are both present.

  • Star facets

The table facet is joined to the "top row" of facets by star facets. They govern the entry and departure of light from the diamond, together with the other crown facets.

  • Pavilion facets

The facets of the pavilion are intended to reflect light to the spectator. This increases both brightness, the quantity of light returned by a diamond, dispersion, or the multicoloured "fires" that appear to emerge from inside.

  • Culet

A culet is a point at the bottom of the pavilion. Instead of points, some gems feature small, flat culets—this aids in the prevention of chipping.

  • Keel

The culet of some faceted diamonds is neither pointed nor flat. Some cuts, such as ovals and emerald cuts, feature a keel at the pavilion's bottom, similar to the bottom of some boats.

Faceted Semi-precious colour gemstones

Some faceted semi-precious colour gemstones include-

  • Alexandrite
  • Amethyst
  • Ametrine
  • Aquamarine
  • Beryl
  • Citrine
  • Garnet
  • Green Amethyst
  • Iolite
  • Padparadscha
  • Peridot
  • Prasiolite
  • Rock Crystal (Clear Quartz)
  • Tanzanite
  • Topaz
  • Tourmaline
  • Zircon

Faceted precious gemstones

Some precious faceted gemstones include-

  • Diamond
  • Emerald
  • Ruby
  • Sapphire

Buy faceted gemstones at IrisGems

Amethyst from India, peridot from the United States, sapphire from Thailand, and emerald from Colombia are among the faceted gemstones available. In addition, top-selling birthstones and gemstone sets are among the options. To establish successful jewellery lines, buy gemstones in bulk from IrisGems.

For your jewellery creations, we provide a vast selection of faceted precious and semi-precious colour gemstones, as well as cubic zirconia faceted stones. These may be placed in any of our faceted stone settings. In addition, we specialise in providing you with gorgeous, high-quality faceted stones that our procurement staff has hand-picked to use in your jewellery designs.


The right cut increases the amount of light that bounces around inside the stone and back out to the spectator, resulting in the most sparkle. In contrast to cabochons, where inclusions contribute to the character, inclusions in faceted stones block light and reduce the stone's fire.

A genuine faceted stone does not automatically imply that it is a valuable gem. A stone's value is determined by its colour, clarity, cut, and rarity or availability.